Eternal Returns: Queer Memory

In “Out of the Blue (Ex Nihilo)”, Akira Mizuta-Lippit writes about Derek Jarman’s last film “Blue”. Throughout the film, the color blue is used, from the beginning to the end. Mizuta-Lippit asks the question if blue is always blue and states how color can cause a “unique problem for the image, for painted images as well for photographic and digital images.” She also asks what can distinguish a color from its image, for instance “blue from the image of blue.” Throughout the article, Mizuta-Lippit asks if blue can be an image and if so, how. Blue and other colors have the ability to be symbolic. The image of blue can not “only be visual, but sensual and celestial, aural and auratic.” This article explains how the color blue is symbolic.

In “Dark and Lovely Too: Black Gay Men in Experimental Cinema”, Kobena Mercer states how there is a creative upsurge in black queer cultural politics. In the films, Tongues Untied and Looking for Langston, a discussion of different identities in the many struggles around race, gender and sexuality. Mercer states how the literary works of writers Audre Lorde, Joseph Beam, Essex Hemphill, Cheryl Clarke, and Assoto Saint have been helpful in finding a voice and creating a community for black lesbian and gay men. “Black queer cultural politics has not expressed an essential identity that was always already there waiting to be discovered, but has actively invented a multitude of identities through a variety of activities and practices, whether organizing workshops and fundraising parties, lobbying and mobilizing around official policies, writing poems, publishing magazines, taking photographs, or making films”(Pg. 327) This can help bring the black queer community together and unite as one. In Looking for Langston and Tongues United, the films attempt to address the idea of black homosexuality. In Tongues United, black gay men speak about their experiences in an autobiographical form. In Looking for Langston, Langston Hughes is used as a model of the black gay experience in the 1920s.

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